Beautiful Inside and Out


Title: Impact of BIO Girls Participation on Health-Related Quality of Life and Self-Esteem

Researcher: Anita Gust

Supported By: University of Minnesota Crookston Faculty Scholarship Grant (pending).

Background: Low self-esteem is problematic for many adolescent girls in today’s culture and society, with 62% of all girls feeling insecure or not sure of themselves (Nielsen, 2004). Low self-esteem often results in subsequent emotional, behavioral, and social problems. Self-esteem can be improved, however, through various interventions and programs involving mentorship (Chinman & Linney, 1998) and/or physical activity (DeBate & Thompson, 2002). The physical and psychological benefits of physical activity have been well established among several populations. In an attempt to engage young females in physical activity and improve self-esteem, BIO Girls founders created a program involving mentorship, physical activity, and Christian-based lessons. Since the program’s inception in 2013, there has not been any formalized evaluation of the program for its effectiveness. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to evaluate specific outcomes, (e.g. health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-esteem) of BIO Girls programs in order to demonstrate program effectiveness.

Procedure: Participants in this study will be asked to complete a questionnaire called the KINLD-R, at the beginning of the program and again at the end of the program. In between, they will participate in the program without any additional interventions.

The KINDL-R stands for (in German): Revidierter Fragebogen für KINDer und Jugendliche zur Erfassung der gesundheitsbezogenen Lebensqualitättranslated, which, in English means: Revised questionnaire to assess Health-Related Quality of Life in children and adolescents.  It is a validated, generic tool for measuring the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents from the age of 3 -17 years. There are three versions of the questionnaire based on age. We will be using the questionnaire for 7-13 year olds as well as the parent version. The survey comprises 24 questions covering six areas: physical health, emotional well-being, self-esteem, family, friends, and school. The total number of points in all six areas supplies the quality of life (QOL) score, with a higher score indicating a higher QOL. Self-esteem is one of the areas comprising QOL, and thus will be individually evaluated.